The Prevention and Treatment of Diabetes - Insulin Dependent

"Diabetes, insulin dependent, also known as type 1 diabetes, is a condition where the beta cells in the pancreas do not release insulin. This is called an absolute insulin deficiency. This means that the individual has high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and begins to break down their fats and protein in order to meet the energy demands of the body. This breakdown of fats and protein makes the insulin dependent diabetic build up waste products called ketone bodies, which causes a condition called ketoacidosis. Insulin dependent diabetics need a constant supply of insulin to prevent ketoacidosis and maintain a stable blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in people younger than 30 years of age. It is thought that the disease is a caused by a genetic factor, whereby the body attacks the cells in the pancreas that produce inulin (beta cells). Some studies suggest that this unusual response by the body can be started by a virus, a vaccination, or a toxic fungus. Initial symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, thirst, weight loss despite an increased appetite, fatigue, and irritability. Dizziness, lethargy, irritability, loss of coordination, and perspiration are common during episodes of low blood sugar. Specific dietary management of type 1 diabetes requires the support of a registered dietician, medical physician and/or medical specialist in the field of diabetes."

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